Types of Hernia

There are several different types of hernias:
  • Inguinal (Indirect, Direct)
  • Femoral
  • Spigelian
  • Umbilical, Paraumbilical
  • Epigastric
  • Divarication of the recti (separation of the central abdominal muscles), this causes a protrusion in the midline but is not a 'true' hernia and does not carry the risk of bowel becoming trapped within it and thus does not require repair
  • Obturator
  • Lumbar
  • Gluteal
  • Sciatic
  • Incisional
  • Reducible, Irreducible
  • Strangulated
  • Sliding (retroperitonal contents in sac)
  • Littre’s (Meckel’s diverticulum in sac)
  • Richter’s hernia (Stranulated but not obstructed)
  • Maydl’s (Strangulated above defect)

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